Soc 100 Final Exam Part 1 Question A Is An Attribute That Discredits

SOC 100 FINAL EXAM PART 1

Question 1

A _____ is an attribute that discredits individuals because it overshadows other attributes and merits the individual may possess.

stigma

stereotype

typecast

character flaw
Question 2

The practice of spatially or socially segregating people on the basis of race or ethnicity is referred to as:

Expulsion

Apartheid

Exclusion

Segregation
Question 3

The coexistence of different racial and ethnic groups characterized by acceptance and respect for one another’s differences is referred to as:

Cultural relativism

Social tolerance

Cultural pluralism

Ethnic pluralism
Question 4

The study of communities and their social status, practices, and problems to understand patterns of health and disease is referred to as:

Racial medical history

Social epidemiology

Sociobiology

Social immunology
Question 5

Less powerful groups who are dominated politically and economically by a dominant group are referred to as:

Racial groups

Ethnic groups

Minorities

Socially marginalized groups
Question 6

Patriarchy refers to:

Any set of social relationships in which men dominate women

The belief that one sex is innately superior to the other, and is therefore justified in having a dominant social position

The belief that men should be the breadwinner and make all important household decisions

A political system in which women are not allowed to vote or hold office
Question 7

Women’s inequality is primarily the result of imperfect institutions, which can be corrected by reforms that do not fundamentally alter society itself. This statement reflects the beliefs of:

Socialist feminism

Liberal feminism

Radical feminism

Multicultural feminism
Question 8

Which of the following is considered the “factory of gendered personalities”?

Family

Peer groups

Religion

The workplace
Question 9

How early do sociologists believe parents begin socializing their children into gender?

When they begin school

When they begin to talk

At birth, sometimes even in utero

Parents do not socialize their children according to gender
Question 10

Standpoint epistemology, a philosophical perspective that what we can know is affected by the position we occupy in society, is a major tenet of:

Black feminist thought

Marxist sociology

Functionalism

Oppression theory
Question 11

In post-industrial societies, serial monogamy describes which of the following?

Marriage to more than one person

Divorce and remarriage

Extramarital affairs

Marriage to only one person
Question 12

According to Nancy Chodorow women, are socialized to be _____, seeking close bonds and defining themselves through relationships.

interpersonal

social

nurturing

relational
Question 13

Families characterized by parents living with their biological children and apart from other kin are referred to as:

Traditional

Biological

Nuclear

Extended
Question 14

In pre-industrial societies, which of the following marriage patterns was most common?

Polygamy

Polygyny

Polyandry

Monogamy
Question 15

What expression does Talcott Parsons use to describe the family?

Factory of socialization

Socialization factories

Factory of personalities

Sites of socialization
Question 16

On which of the following points do conflict and functionalist theorists agree?

A high school degree is necessary for equal opportunity.

Education channels individuals into positions for which they are best suited.

Education trains people in the dominant norms and values of society.

Education reproduces social inequality.
Question 17

_____ refers to the education of racial minorities in schools that are geographically, economically, and/or socially separated from those attended by the racial majority.

Educational discrimination

Racial tracking

School segregation

Racial inequality
Question 18

The transmission of society’s norms, values, and knowledge base by means of direct instruction is referred to as:

Socialization

Acculturation

Education

Internship training
Question 19

Which of the following is an example of the sociological term “moral education”?

Fifth graders learning about laws and rights.

Kindergartners learning how to behave in class.

Children learning to read biblical literature.

High school students learning about inequality
Question 20

Which of the following is an example of a symbolic interactionist approach to studying education issues?

Analyzing data about the relationship between education status and income

Observing how certain students perform in class after being labeled as “exceptional”

Studying patterns of racial segregation in public education

Studying the reproduction of inequality in mass education
Question 21

An item believed to have acquired transcendent or magical qualities connecting humans with the divine is known as:

Icon

Ritual

Totem

Sacred object
Question 22

Max Weber’s concept of the “routinization of charisma” can be described as:

The institutionalization of a charismatic leader’s beliefs into an organized religious structure

The loss of the charismatic figure from whose life a religion was born

The use of prescribed, tried-and-true techniques by a “charismatic” leader to achieve a mass following

The use of modern technology, such as radio, Internet, and television, to evangelize
Question 23

Shared beliefs, values, norms, ideas, institutions, and organizations that create a common identity among a group of people is referred to as:

Culture

Society

Education

Religion
Question 24

A system of common beliefs and rituals centered on “sacred things” that unites believers and provides a sense of meaning and purpose is referred to as:

Culture

Society

Education

Religion
Question 25

The idea that religions can be understood as organizations in competition with one another for followers is known as:

Religious rivalry

Sacred economy

Religious bureacratization

Religious economy

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