Soc 100 Midterm Exam Part 2 Question 1 What Is The Sociological

SOC 100 MIDTERM EXAM PART 2

Question 1
What is the sociological definition of significant others?

Specific people important in a child’s life who have the greatest impact on their self-evaluation

Relationships characterized by intense emotional ties, face-to-face interaction, intimacy, and a strong, enduring sense of commitment

Those whose opinions provide the basis for how we judge our own attitudes or behaviors

People of similar age and social standing that influence our norms and values
Question 2
Adopting the behavior or standards of a group you emulate or hope to join is referred to as:

Conformity

Clique socialization

Anticipatory socialization

Pro-active conformity
Question 3
Which of the following behaviors is most likely the result of family socialization?

Texting and holding a face-to-face conversation at the same time

Standing during the playing of the national anthem

Arriving to an important appointment 15 minutes early

Performing specific household chores
Question 4
Psychoanalysis, the psychological perspective that emphasizes the complex reasoning processes of the conscious and unconscious mind, is associated with which major theorist?

George Herbert Mead

Sigmund Freud

Charles H. Cooley

Jean Piaget
Question 5
How would sociologists define social learning?

The process by which people learn the culture of their society

The way people adapt their behavior in response to social rewards and punishments

The way people are socialized to act in a given situation

The process by which people learn norms, what is acceptable and unacceptable behavior
Question 6
The unspoken classroom socialization to the norms, values, and roles of a culture that school provides is referred to as:

Textbook socialization

Socialization curriculum

Curriculum of inequality

Hidden curriculum
Question 7
_____ refers to when members of a group ignore anything that goes against the group consensus.

Discompromise effect

Group cohesion

Groupthink

Consent partiality
Question 8
Power exercised over those who recognize it as deserved or earned is referred to as:

Authentic authority

Electoral power

Personal power

Legitimate authority
Question 9
Which of the following is an example of a secondary group?

Two close friends who practice tennis together

A father who plays catch with his son

A college basketball team

A family who watches football together every Sunday
Question 10
The simplest group, consisting of two persons, is referred to as:

Pair

Dyad

Duo

Primary relationship
Question 11
The ability of groups to exclude outsiders participating in the group or enjoying group resources is referred to as:

Social exclusion

Social closure

Factioning

Clique capacity
Question 12
Large, impersonal groups with minimal emotional and intimate ties are referred to as:

Secondary groups

Principal groups

Reference groups

Remandiary groups
Question 13
The act of having multiple wives is referred to as:

Monogamy

Mormonism

Polygamy

Polyandry
Question 14
The argument that deviant behavior is little more than a product of the labels people attach to certain types of behavior is referred to as:

Catalogue theory

Association theory

Labeling theory

Criminal label theory
Question 15
An act defined in the law as punishable by fines, imprisonment or both is referred to as:

Deviance

Law-breaking

Crime

Criminality
Question 16
In the United States, which of the following would not
be considered to be a normative cultural goal that people strive for?

Earning economic success

Raising and supporting a family

Gaining recognition or fame

Maintaining a steady routine, day-to-day
Question 17
A crime considered so heinous that it is punishable by death is referred to as:

Capital offense

Death penalty crime

Eye-for-an-eye offense

Felony crime.
Question 18
The idea that what is labeled deviant or criminal—and therefore who gets punished—is determined by the interests of the dominant class is referred to as:

Class-dominant theory

Class conflict theory

Capitalist culture theory

Marxist theory
Question 19
According to Karl Marx, the _____ own the means of production, which they use to exploit the labor of the _____.

proletariat, bourgeoisie

industrialists, masses

capitalist class, worker class

bourgeoisie, proletariat
Question 20
The value of everything a person owns minus the value of everything he or she owes is referred to as:

Wealth

Income

Net capital

Value of assets
Question 21
A person’s economic position in society, based on differences in income, wealth, and occupation, is referred to as:

Caste

Socioeconomic category

Class

Social classification
Question 22
The upward or downward status movement of individuals or groups over time is referred to as:

Social progression

Cultural promotion

Social mobility

Socioeconomic stasis
Question 23
Which of the following is the best sociological definition of income?

An individual’s yearly salary

Wages, tips, and other compensation

The amount of money a person or household earns in a given period of time

The value of everything a person owns, minus the value of everything he or she owes
Question 24
Areas that lack places that sell competitively priced, healthy, and fresh food are referred to as:

Food wastelands

Grocery deserts

Food deserts

Food insecure regions
Question 25
The systematic ranking of different groups of people in a hierarchy of inequality is referred to as:

Social stratification

Social inequality

Class differences

Class status

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