Soc 100 Week 2 Quiz Question 1 Reasoning Starts From Specific

SOC 100 WEEK 2 QUIZ 2

Question 1
_____ reasoning starts from specific data and tries to identify larger patterns from which to derive more general theories.

Logical

Inductive

Ground-level

Deductive

Question 2
The term used to summarize a set of phenomena is:

Definition

Concept

Operationalization

Pattern

Question 3
The process of gathering empirical (scientific and specific) data, creating theories, and rigorously testing theories is known as:

Sociological method

Scientific method

Data collection

Theoretical reasoning

Question 4
A detailed conversation designed to obtain in-depth information about a person and his or her activities is referred to as:

Interview

In-depth discussion

Questionnaire

Observation

Question 5
_____ reasoning starts from broad theories but proceeds to break them down into more specific and testable hypotheses.

Deductive

Hypothesis

Inductive

Grand theory

Question 6
Random sampling refers to:

When a researcher chooses subjects by picking names out of the phone book

When everyone in the population of interest has an equal chance of being chosen for the study

When the sample does not represent the population because the subjects have been chosen randomly, rather than logically and systemically

When the size of the sample is chosen based on what similar studies used

Question 7
The repetition of a previous study using a different sample or population to verify or refute the original findings is referred to as:

Verification

Replication

Validation

Reliability

Question 8
The idea that concepts and measurement accurately represent what they claim to represent is referred to as:

Replication

Validity

Reliability

Falsifiability

Question 9
Abstract and general standards in society that define ideal principles such as right and wrong are referred to as:

Laws

Public opinions

Religious beliefs

Values
Question 10
_____ theorists would argue that elites use culture to gain or maintain power over other groups.

Marxist

Conflict

Symbolic Interactionist

Functionalist

Question 11
The beliefs, norms, behaviors, and products common to the members of a particular group are referred to as:

Ethnicity

Culture

Society

Class

Question 12
Particular ideas that people accept as true are referred to as:

Religion

Cultural norms

Values

Beliefs

Question 13
The abstract creations of human cultures, including ideas about behavior and living, are referred to as:

Philosophy

Nonmaterial culture

Material culture

Theory

Question 14
The contradiction between the goals of ideal culture and the practices of real culture is referred to as:

Ideal-real inconsistency

Cultural inconsistency

Cultural contradiction

Ideal-real disconnect

Question 15
Commitment to respecting cultural differences rather than submerging them into a larger, dominant culture is referred to as:

Multiculturalism

Cultural relativism

Ethnocentrism

Tolerance

Question 16
Common rules of a culture that govern the behavior of people belonging to it are referred to as:

Laws

Beliefs

Norms

Values

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